1. Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence

To suffice your curiosity in Artificial Intelligence, Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates & Elon Musk recommend Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence.
The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation?

2. Pedro Domingos’s The Master Algorithm

When asked about Artificial Intelligence, Billionaire Philanthropist Bill Gates said, “It’s the holy grail, it’s the big dream that anybody who’s ever been in computer science has been thinking about.”
In the world's top research labs and universities, the race is on to invent the ultimate learning algorithm: one capable of discovering any knowledge from data, and doing anything we want, before we even ask. In The Master Algorithm, Pedro Domingos lifts the veil to give us a peek inside the learning machines that power Google, Amazon, and your smartphone. He assembles a blueprint for the future universal learner-the Master Algorithm-and discusses what it will mean for business, science, and society. If data-ism is today's philosophy, this book is its bible.

3. Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence by MIT professor Max Tegmark

Billionaire Entrepreneur Elon Musk in his tweet rated this book as a must-read.
"AI will be the best or worst thing ever for humanity," says the billionaire entrepreneur via Twitter.

4. Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era by James Barrat

Musk has openly warned against the dangers of artificial intelligence. He has read this book and has rated it as a must-read.
In a 2014 interview at MIT’s AeroAstro Centennial Symposium, he called AI "our greatest existential threat." He’s also invested in the AI firm DeepMind "just to keep an eye on what’s going on with artificial intelligence."

In as little as a decade, artificial intelligence could match and then surpass human intelligence. Corporations and government agencies around the world are pouring billions into achieving AI's Holy Grail—human-level intelligence. Once AI has attained it, scientists argue, it will have survival drives much like our own. We may be forced to compete with a rival more cunning, more powerful, and more alien than we can imagine.

5. The Second Machine Age By Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee

Recommended by AI experts Hilary Mason & Andrew Ng

In The Second Machine Age MIT’s Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee—two thinkers at the forefront of their field—reveal the forces driving the reinvention of our lives and our economy. As the full impact of digital technologies is felt, we will realize immense bounty in the form of dazzling personal technology, advanced infrastructure, and near-boundless access to the cultural items that enrich our lives.